Winter in the garden - June
June is a great time to plant fruit trees and winter veges for a continuous supply. It's also time to begin thinking about the next season and the crops you might want to grow and harvest.
All deciduous fruit trees including apples and pears can be planted now while the plants are still dormant and the widest selection is available in-store. Most pip and stone fruit will now be losing their leaves and going into a dormant state for the next few months. Remember to tuck into the preserves from the summer and autumn harvests!
Brightly coloured polyanthus, primula, pansies and violas can be planted now, and new season roses will be appearing in-store, so make sure you check these blooms out.
In the vege patch it's garlic planting time, with garlic traditionally planted on the shortest day for harvest on the longest day in December. Keep planting winter staples including brassicas, beetroot, leafy greens and herbs.
Harvest time is from seedling planting to harvest. For seeds, depending on variety, it will take an extra 6-8 weeks from germination to planting.
Use this handy planting poster as a guide to planting and harvesting common fruit and veges. For more detailed information by region of NZ, use the interactive tool on this page.
The Auckland Vegetable Gardener's DiaryChange region
Broccoli, cabbage, carrot, garlic, kale, lettuce, mesclun, onion, parsley, parsnip, peas, radish, rhubarb, rocket, silverbeet, spinach, rosemary, thyme.
Beetroot, bok choi, broad beans, broccoli, cabbage, cauliflower, carrots, celery, kale, lettuce, mesclun, onions, parsnip, shallots, radish, rocket, silverbeet, spinach.
- Parsnips and yams - they can be left in the ground until you need them.
- Rhubarb - lift and divide older rhubarb crowns while the plants are dormant.
- Feed vegetables with Tui Vegetable Food or Tui NovaTec Premium fertiliser to give them the nutrients they need to grow.
- Apply Tui Organic Seaweed Plant Tonic to help plants cope with the cooler weather and frost.
The Auckland Fruit Gardener's DiaryChange region
Apple, pear, raspberry, strawberry, blueberry, blackberry, feijoa.
Feijoas, apples, pears, lemons, limes, mandarins, oranges.
- Strawberries can be planted now - research shows that planting strawberries in New Zealand's winter temperatures will produce a higher yield in summer.
- Plant evergreen frost hardy fruits such as feijoa and Chilean guavas. Remember, fruit requires a position in full sun and shelter from the wind is preferable.
- Aphids, whitefly and scale insects may be about. Blast off with a hose, apply warm soapy water, or select a suitable spray from your garden centre.
- Collect and compost any rotting fruit from under fruit trees.
- Check harvested fruit to make sure nothing is rotting, remove fruit as soon as its starts to decay. Rot can quickly spread throughout a whole harvest within a week or two.
- Keep areas around fruit and fruit trees weed free. Add a layer of Tui Mulch & Feed around the base of fruit trees, to keep the soil warmer over the winter months and help suppress weeds.
The Auckland Flower Gardener's DiaryChange region
Cyclamen, roses, forget-me-nots – annual bedding types, calendula, polyanthus, flowering kale, poppy, primula, viola, pansy, snapdragon, sweet William, allysum, daffidol, tulip, hyacinth.
Camellias, leucadendrons, wallflowers, winter roses – hellebores, dianthus, violets, daphne, iberis, snapdragons, kowhai, flowering kale.
- Apply Tui Bulb Food to existing bulb plantings.
- Apply a side dressing of Tui NovaTec Premium fertiliser to pots and planters.
- Apply a side dressing of Tui Dried Blood to polyanthus and primula to prolong the flowering periods, particularly if heavy rains may have leached away valuable soil nutrients.
- Add thick layers of Tui Mulch & Feed or Tui Pea Straw Mulch to garden beds and pots to conserve water, reduce weeds and add valuable nutrients back to the soil. It also creates a tidy and cared for look.
- Aphids, mites and whitefly are all still moving about now, particularly if the weather is still warm. Be vigilant, if infestations are small blast them off with the hose. If the infestation is larger spray with with a suitable insect spray.
- Put frost cloth or protection around delicate plants.
- Deadhead or pinch out old flowers of snapdragons, stocks, polys and pansies to encourage a new flush of flowers.
- Begin pruning in mild areas, and hold off pruning in cold areas until July or August.
- Collect seeds from poppy, wild flowers and other flowering annuals to grow your own free flowers in spring.
- Lift and divide perennials such as dahlias, echinacea, delphinium and hostas.