Create the perfect oasis for enj
You can't beat the aroma and flavour of fresh feijoas! This hardy and robust fruit is so easy to grow and provides you with an abundance of fruit from autumn to early winter each year. Their delightful bright red flowers, which appear at Christmas, add to their appeal as a garden plant. Feijoas are also an excellent source of hydration for the body and provide soluble fibre to combat a build up of toxins in the digestive system.
Although feijoas can be planted all year round, autumn is an ideal time in most areas of the country to plant as this allows the roots to establish over winter in preparation for a growth spurt over spring. However if your area can get quite cold and be affected by snow over winter it is best to hold off planting until the soil warms and frosts weaken in spring.
Feijoas are on our minds in summer – so it’s also tempting to plant them then – just be sure to keep up with watering.
Feijoas are a versatile fruit!
- They make a fantastic hedge that will tolerate wind and coastal conditions. When planting a feijoa hedge space your feijoa plants approximately 1-1.5m apart depending on the variety.
- Feijoas can also be planted in containers, in groups in an orchard, or blended into ornamental garden plantings.
- Feijoas thrive in many locations around the country. They cope with some frost and coastal conditions, and enjoy a sunny aspect.
- Trees will mature to 2m-3m high and approx 1.5-2m wide.
Choose a variety
A wide range of feijoas are available. Some varieties are self fertile, but even self-fertile varieties will produce heavier and more regular crops if they are pollinated by other varieties. Plant at least two varieties to extend your season and ensure a better harvest. Click here to learn more about different feijoa varieties available
The best times to plant are early in the morning or late in the day, so the plants aren’t exposed to the hot sun straight away.
- Choose a sunny position with free draining soil.
- Soak your tree in a bucket of Seasol seaweed based plant tonic to help prevent transplant shock.
- Dig a hole, approximately twice the depth and width of the rootball of the tree.
- Partly fill the hole with Tui Garden Mix. This has all of the essential nutrients your fruit trees need to get off to the best start.
- Gently place the tree in the hole.
- Fill with Tui Garden Mix, ensuring the tree is no deeper than it was in the container or bag.
- In windy areas stake the tree, to give the root zone time to secure itself into the soil.
- Apply a layer of Tui Mulch & Feed around the base of the plant.
- Water your feijoa tree well after planting.
Feed your plants and they will reward you. Plants use nutrients from the soil as they grow, so replenishing the nutrients ensures your plants grow to their full potential. Fertilise your feijoa tree with Tui NovaTec Premium fertiliser once flowering begins.
Apply SaturAid to enable the soil to hold onto more moisture, this will prevent the plant shedding its fruit prematurely.
Feijoas are fairly hardy plants and once established however it is important to ensure they are watered during long dry periods.
A well watered, well nourished feijoas will have a better chance of keeping insect pests and diseases at bay.
The weather, weeds, pest insects and diseases can all impact on the success of your garden. Regularly mulch trees with Tui Mulch & Feed to protect against extremes in temperatures, keep roots moist, and suppress weed growth.
Keep your garden weed free. Be vigilant and stop unwanted insects and diseases from ruining your plants. Feijoas are relatively pest and disease resistant but are occasionally attacked by scale which can cause sooty mould infestations. Leaf roller caterpillars can also be a problem and will invade lower leaves. The Tui Plant Protection range will help you put a stop to any problems that arise.
- New trees should be supported with double bamboo or pine stakes, tied with soft ties to give upright support.
- Pruning - a light trimming in autumn after fruit is harvested will encourage new growth and increase yields the following year. Thinning the plant also permits easier harvesting and allows bird pollination, wind movement and sunlight in for fruit ripening. When grown as a hedge, the feijoa responds well to heavy pruning or shearing, but this reduces flower and fruit production.
- Harvest when wind fallen fruit starts to appear on the ground.
- Feijoas will ripen a little once picked but are best left on the tree to ripen naturally.
- When picking, select fruit that is slightly soft to the touch.